One Hundred Percent Reparability of Mitral Prolapse: Results of a Dynamic Nonresectional Technique

Gerald Lawrie, William Zoghbi, Stephen Little, Dipan Shah, Nan Earle, Elizabeth Earle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We studied the results of a dynamic mitral repair technique that preserves normal mitral valve function by avoiding leaflet resection and rigid and semirigid annuloplasty rings. Methods: In previous reports we demonstrated that intraoperative simulation of mitral valve locking and isovolumic systole by rapid left ventricular inflation with pressurized saline accurately simulates mitral annular and leaflet shape and position, and left ventricular outflow tract dimensions. Length of polytetrafluoroethylene neochordae and size of fully flexible adjustable annuloplasty ring can be adjusted in three dimensions for accurate apposition of zones of leaflet coaptation, premarked with dots. We followed 1068 consecutive patients after repairs performed between 2001 and 2018. Results: Of the 1068 patients, 674 were men (63.1%). Mean age was 62.25 ± 13 years. Leaflet repaired was anterior in 118 patients (11.05%), posterior in 564 (52.81%), both in 55 (5.15%), and neither in 123 (11.5%). Barlow's disease was present in 208 patients (19.48%). Repair was isolated in 82.5% (881 of 1068). Reparability was 100%. Perioperative mortality overall was 1.59% (17 of 1068): isolated repair, 1.14% (10 of 881); and isolated posterior leaflet, 0.85% (4 of 472). Leaflet systolic anterior motion occurred in 1.7% (18 of 1068), and was significant in 0.4% (4 of 1068). Survival at 10 years by Kaplan-Meier analysis was 74.65%, freedom from reoperation was 96.01%, and freedom from severe mitral regurgitation was 94%. The only predictor of reoperation (Cox analysis) was being male (P = .001). Conclusions: Use of intraoperative simulation of mitral dynamics led to 100% reparability for degenerative valves with minimal systolic anterior motion, despite no leaflet resection. Long-term durability has been good and similar for all leaflets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1921-1928
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume112
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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