On the Degrees of Freedom Region for Simultaneous Imaging & Uplink Communication

Nishant Mehrotra, Ashutosh Sabharwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this paper, we take the first step towards quantifying the fundamental performance trade-offs between imaging and communication supported simultaneously using the same network resources. We analyze an uplink system configuration with a full-duplex base station (BS) illuminating an imaging scene while receiving data from a communication user. Our main contributions are two-fold. First, we propose a unified signal space analysis framework based on the degrees of freedom metric to characterize the trade-offs between the two operations in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime. Second, we propose a dual-function joint processing scheme, decode-and-image, that allows the BS to simultaneously form an image of the scene while decoding the uplink user's data. Our analysis and proposed scheme highlight the benefits of exploiting the uplink signals for imaging, at the cost of increased cooperation between the BS and uplink user. Moreover, our proposed scheme outperforms traditional schemes that enable dual-function operation via spatial or temporal isolation of imaging and communication signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1768-1779
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022


  • Degrees of freedom
  • joint imaging and communication
  • multiple-input multiple-output
  • wireless imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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