Null association between androgen-deprivation therapy and nonprostate cancer mortality among older men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer

Christopher J.D. Wallis, Raj Satkunasivam, Sender Herschorn, Calvin Law, Arun Seth, Ronald T. Kodama, Girish S. Kulkarni, Robert K. Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) has been associated with cardiovascular risk factors and the development of cardiovascular disease in men with metastatic prostate cancer. We sought to examine the effect of ADT on nonprostate cancer mortality among patients with nonmetastatic prostate cancer. Methods: We performed a population-based, retrospective cohort study of men aged 66 years and older treated with surgery or radiotherapy for nonmetastatic prostate cancer in Ontario, Canada from 2002 to 2009 using administrative datasets (including the Ontario Cancer Registry, Ontario Drug Benefit, and Ontario Health Insurance Plan). Analysis was performed between September 2016 and April 2017. ADT exposure was operationalized as a time-varying binary and cumulative dose exposure. Primary and secondary outcomes were nonprostate cancer mortality and cardiovascular mortality, respectively. The Fine and Gray subdistribution method with generalized estimating equations was used to calculate subdistribution hazard ratios (sdHR), while accounting for competing risks. Results: We examined 20,651 men treated for nonmetastatic prostate cancer. Median follow-up was 7.4 years and median ADT exposure was 6.4 months. ADT was not significantly associated with nonprostate cancer mortality (sdHR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.37–1.50) or cardiovascular mortality (sdHR = 1.16, 95% CI: 0.37–3.63) when operationalized as a binary time-varying exposure. Similar results were obtained when we examined ADT cumulative dose exposure. Conclusions: ADT is not associated with nonprostate cancer mortality or cardiovascular mortality in a large, population-based cohort of older men with localized prostate cancer treated by surgery or radiation therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241.e1-241.e6
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2018


  • Androgen antagonists
  • Brachytherapy
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Comparative effectiveness research
  • Prostatectomy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects
  • Prognosis
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced
  • Male
  • Survival Rate
  • Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy
  • Registries
  • Aged
  • Retrospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Oncology


Dive into the research topics of 'Null association between androgen-deprivation therapy and nonprostate cancer mortality among older men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this