CD40 is a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily, (TNFR; TNFRSF-5) member, that initiates important signaling pathways mediating cell growth, survival, and differentiation in B-lymphocytes. Although CD40 has been extensively studied as a plasma membrane-associated growth factor receptor, we demonstrate here that CD40 is present not only in the plasma membrane and cytoplasm but also in the nucleus of normal and neoplastic B-lymphoid cells. Confocal microscopy showed that transfected CD40-green fluorescent fusion protein entered B-cell nuclei. The CD40 protein contains a nuclear localization signal sequence that, when mutated, blocks entry of CD40 into the nucleus through the classic karyopherins (importins-α/β) pathway. Nuclear fractionation studies revealed the presence of CD40 protein in the nucleoplasm fraction of activated B cells, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that CD40 binds to and stimulates the BLyS/BAFF promoter, another TNF family member (TNFSF-13B) involved in cell survival in the B cell lineage. Like other nuclear growth factor receptors, CD40 appears to be a transcriptional regulator and is likely to play a larger and more complex role than previously demonstrated in regulating essential growth and survival pathways in B-lymphocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 7 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology