We recently demonstrated that EGFR protein overexpression is more common in African American (AA) prostate cancer patients compared to Caucasian patients. We further examine EGFR dysregulation by determining EGFR mutation status in the tyrosine kinase (TK) domain in prostate cancer patients of different ethnicity. Normal and tumor DNA from 89 radical prostatectomy cases were studied for mutations in the EGFR TK domain using genomic DNA sequencing. We identified 4 novel missense mutations in exons 19, 20 and 21 of EGFR TK domain: 3 in Koreans and 1 in Caucasian but none in AA. We also identified 5 distinct synonymous DNA sequence changes, which did not alter the encoded amino acid, in exons 20 and 21 in 31/89 (35%) patients. Interestingly, these synonymous sequence changes were not observed in normal DNA in 7(23%) patients, indicating the presence of de novo somatic mutation to a new synonymous sequence. Our data reveal that EGFR missense mutation in the TK domain occurs in localized prostate cancer. Our data also demonstrate the presence of somatic mutation to a new synonymous sequence in a subset of patients. Larger population-based studies are required to define the association between EGFR mutations and the ethnic background of patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology