Abstract

Multiple myeloma is still a fatal disease. Despite advances in high-dose chemotherapy and stem-cell transplantation and the development of novel therapeutics, relapse of the underlying disease remains the primary cause of treatment failure. Strategies for posttransplantation immunomodulation are desirable for eradication of remaining tumor cells. To this end, immunotherapy aimed at inducing myeloma-specific immunity in patients has been explored. Idiotype protein, secreted by myeloma cells, has been the primary target for immunotherapy as it is the best defined tumor-specific antigen. This chapter focuses on novel immunotherapies that are being developed to treat patients with myeloma. I will discuss potential myeloma antigens, antigen-specific T cells, and their function on myeloma tumor cells, and T-cell-based and antibody-based immunotherapies for myeloma. Furthermore, clinical studies of T-cell-based immunotherapy in the form of vaccination, allogeneic stem-cell transplantation and donor lymphocyte infusions, with or without donor vaccination using patient-derived idiotype, and future application of donor-derived or patient-derived, antigen-specific T-cell infusion in this disease are also discussed. Based on the specificity of the immune effector molecules and cells, immunotherapies with specific T cells or therapeutic antibodies may represent novel strategies for the treatment of multiple myeloma in the near future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-510
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Journal
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Antibodies
  • Immunotherapy
  • Multiple myeloma
  • T cells
  • Tumor antigens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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