Nitric oxide (NO) is an intercellular mediator produced within the cerebellum and other central nervous system sites. Results from the present study suggest a novel role for this gaseous second messenger in mediating the stimulatory actions of the excitatory amino acid agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on turnover of phosphatidylinositol (PI) in the neonatal cerebellum. Activation of the NMDA receptor stimulates PI turnover in developing cerebellum when these neurons are in a depolarized state, but the mechanism underlying this effect is unknown. We measured changes in PI hydrolysis induced by NMDA in the presence of baclofen, which is known to depolarize neurons by activating presynaptic inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid(B) autoreceptors. NMDA increased PI hydrolysis by 80% in the presence of 1 μM baclofen. This modulatory action of NMDA was prevented by two competitive inhibitors of NO synthase, L-N(G)-monomethylarginine and L-N(ω)- nitroarginine, as well as by hemoglobin, which binds NO. Inhibition of NMDA- induced PI hydrolysis by L-N(G)-monomethylarginine was reversed by prior administration of L-arginine (200 μM), the physiological substrate of NO synthase. Arginine (500 μM) alone was also able to increase PI hydrolysis significantly. Superoxide dismutase, which prolongs the half-life of NO, also significantly increased the ability of NMDA to stimulate PI hydrolysis. However, NO-induced activation of the cGMP pathway did not appear to be responsible for the NMDA-induced increase in PI hydrolysis, because addition of 8-bromo-cGMP decreased this parameter, and methylene blue, which blocks guanylate cyclase activity, did not inhibit the PI hydrolysis evoked by NMDA receptor activation. These results suggest that NMDA receptor activation acts to release NO, which then acts through a novel pathway to enhance the hydrolysis of PI in the developing rat cerebellum. This novel role for NO in mediating the stimulatory actions of NMDA on PI hydrolysis may be important for developmental processes in the central nervous system.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine