Nonlinear Dynamics of Forced Transitional Jets: Periodic and Chaotic Attractors

George Broze, Fazle Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Conclusive experimental evidence is presented for the existence of a low-dimensional temporal dynamical system in an open flow, namely the near field of an axisymmetric, subsonic free jet. A definition that distinguishes between physically and dynamically open flows is proposed and justified by our experimental results. The most important conclusion of this study is that a physically open flow, even one that is apparently dynamically open due to convective instability, can exhibit dynamically closed behaviour as a result of feedback. A conceptual model for transitional jets is proposed based on two-dimensional instabilities, subharmonic resonance and feedback from downstream vortical structures to the nozzle lip. Feedback was quantified and shown to affect the exit fundamental - subharmonic phase difference φ - a crucial variable in subharmonic resonance and, hence, vortex pairing. The effect of feedback, the sensitivity of pairings to φ, the phase diagram, and the documented periodic and chaotic attractors demonstrate the validity of the proposed conceptual model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-132
Number of pages40
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Mar 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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