Noninvasive EEG correlates of overground and stair walking

Justin A. Brantley, Trieu Phat Luu, Recep Ozdemir, Fangshi Zhu, Anna T. Winslow, Helen Huang, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Automated walking intention detection remains a challenge in lower-limb neuroprosthetic systems. Here, we assess the feasibility of extracting motor intent from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). First, we evaluated the corticomuscular coherence between central EEG electrodes (C1, Cz, C2) and muscles of the shank and thigh during walking on level ground and stairs. Second, we trained decoders to predict the linear envelope of the surface electromyogram (EMG). We observed significant EEG-led corticomuscular coupling between electrodes and sEMG (tibialis anterior) in the high delta (3-4 Hz) and low theta (4-5 Hz) frequency bands during level walking, indicating efferent signaling from the cortex to peripheral motor neurons. The coherence was increased between EEG and vastus lateralis and tibialis anterior in the delta band (< 2 Hz) during stair ascent, indicating a task specific modulation in corticomuscular coupling. However, EMG was the leading signal for biceps femoris and gastrocnemius coherence during stair ascent, possibly representing afferent feedback loops from periphery to the motor cortex. Decoder validation showed that EEG signals contained information about the sEMG patterns during over ground walking, however, the accuracy of the predicted sEMG patterns decreased during the stair condition. Overall, these initial findings support the feasibility of integrating sEMG and EEG into a hybrid decoder for volitional control of lower limb neuroprostheses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5729-5732
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781457702204
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2016
Event38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Aug 16 2016Aug 20 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2016-October
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period8/16/168/20/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Noninvasive EEG correlates of overground and stair walking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this