Nonadditive interactive effects of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in rats: Role of the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin receptor

B. Leece, B. A. Denomme, r. Towner, A. Li, J. Landers, S. Safe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Administration of 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexa-, 3,3',4,4',5-penta-, and 2,3,3',4,4'5-hexa-chlorobiphenyl to immature male Wistar rats caused a thymic atrophy at high dose levels (1.25, 1.0, and 100 μmol/kg, respectively) and induced the hepatic cytochrome P-448 dependent monocytogenases (benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase) at both high and low (0.25, 0.01, and 5 μmol/kg, respectively) doses. In contrast, 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (HCBP) (300 μmol/kg) did not elicit any of these effects but elevated hepatic 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) cytosolic receptor protein levels (threefold) as previously reported. The effects of hepatic receptor modulation by 2,2',4,4',5,5'-HCBP (300 μmol/kg) on the enzyme induction activities of 3,3',4,4',5-penta-, 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexa-, and 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexa-chlorobiphenyl were dose-dependent; no interactive effects were observed at high (toxic) doses of these compounds, whereas apparent synergistically increased hepatic microsomal monooxygenase induction activities were noted at the lower submaximal induction doses. It was concluded that the increased responsiveness of the rats was due to elevated hepatic 2,3,7,8-TCDD receptor levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1908-1912
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume65
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nonadditive interactive effects of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in rats: Role of the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin receptor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this