In this study, we investigated the cardiac biodistribution of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-coated AuNPs and their effects on cardiac function, structure and inflammation in both normal and cardiac remodeling mice. The model of cardiac remodeling was induced by subcutaneously injection of isoproterenol (ISO), a non-selective beta-adrenergic agonist, for 7 days. After AuNPs were injected intravenously in mice for 7 consecutive days, Au content in different organs was determined quantitatively by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), cardiac function and structure were measured by echocardiography, cardiac fibrosis was examined with picrosirius red staining, the morphology of cardiomyocytes was observed with hematoxylin and eosin (H & E) staining. The accumulation of AuNPs in hearts did not affect cardiac function or induce cardiac hypertrophy, cardiac fibrosis and cardiac inflammation under normal physiological condition. Cardiac AuNPs content was 6-fold higher in the cardiac remodeling mouse than normal mice. However, the increased accumulation of AuNPs in the heart did not aggravate ISO-induced cardiac hypertrophy, cardiac fibrosis or cardiac inflammation. These observations suggest that PEG-coated AuNPs possess excellent biocompatibility under both physiological and pathological conditions. Thus, AuNPs may be safe for cardiac patients and hold great promise for further development for various biomedical applications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Oct 4 2013|
- Cardiac remodeling
- Cardiac toxicity
- Gold nanoparticles
ASJC Scopus subject areas