NLRP11 attenuates Toll-like receptor signalling by targeting TRAF6 for degradation via the ubiquitin ligase RNF19A

Chenglei Wu, Zexiong Su, Meng Lin, Jiayu Ou, Wei Zhao, Jun Cui, Rong Fu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adaptor protein TRAF6 has a central function in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling, yet the molecular mechanisms controlling its activity and stability are unclear. Here we show that NLRP11, a primate specific gene, inhibits TLR signalling by targeting TRAF6 for degradation. NLRP11 recruits the ubiquitin ligase RNF19A to catalyze K48-linked ubiquitination of TRAF6 at multiple sites, thereby leading to the degradation of TRAF6. Furthermore, deficiency in either NLRP11 or RNF19A abrogates K48-linked ubiquitination and degradation of TRAF6, which promotes activation of NF-κB and MAPK signalling and increases the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Therefore, our findings identify NLRP11 as a conserved negative regulator of TLR signalling in primate cells and reveal a mechanism by which the NLRP11-RNF19A axis targets TRAF6 for degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1977
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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