New daily persistent headache (NDPH), which is the acute onset of headache within 3 days and is persistent for 15 days or more each month for at least 3 months, is a predominantly female heterogeneous subtype of chronic daily headache, typically with migraine features of unknown etiology. NDPH may be a presentation of other primary headaches such as new onset migraine, tension, or benign thunderclap headache. The headaches can be difficult to treat. The diagnosis is one of excluding the many secondary types or NDPH mimics, which is especially critical early in the course of the disease when a secondary etiology is more likely. NDPH mimics include postmeningitis headache, NDPH with medication rebound, neoplasms, temporal arteritis, chronic meningitis, chronic subdural hematoma, post-traumatic headaches, sphenoid sinusitis, hypertension, subarachnoid hemorrhage, low cerebrospinal fluid pressure syndrome, cervical artery dissections, pseudotumor cerebri without papilledema, and cerebral venous thrombosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine