Neuroprotective electrical stimulation of cerebellar fastigial nucleus attenuates expression of periinfarction depolarizing waves (PIDs) and inhibits cortical spreading depression

Eugene V. Golanov, Donald J. Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

In rat, electrical stimulation of the cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) for 1 h reduces the volume of focal ischemic infarctions produced by occluding the middle cerebral artery (MCAO), even 10 days later. The mechanism by which this 'central neurogenic neuroprotection' salvages ischemic brain is not known but does not result from changes in cerebral perfusion. MCAO also triggers periodic periinfarction depolarizing waves (PIDs) in the ischemic penumbra, the territory of salvage. These may contribute to neuronal death and promote infarct expansion. Conceivably, FN stimulation, which can otherwise modify cortical excitability, may alter the development of PIDs. We investigated in anesthetized rats whether FN stimulation modifies PIDs expression and, if so, the threshold for evoking cortical spreading depression (CSD), a process sharing characteristics with PIDs and an index of cortical excitability. Stimulation of FN immediately or 72 h before MCAO decreased infarction volumes by ~ 45% (p < 0.01), increased PID latency > 10-fold, and decreased the number of PIDs by > 50% (p < 0.001). In normal rats, stimulation of FIN increased the threshold current for eliciting CSD by 175% and slowed its propagation velocity by 35% (p < 0.01 for each) immediately, but not 72 h, after FN stimulation. We conclude: FN stimulation elicits long-lasting suppression of PIDs in parallel with neuroprotection. However, PIDs suppression over time is unlikely to result from a major increase in cortical tolerance to depolarization and probably is not the principal mechanism of salvage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-315
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Research
Volume818
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 1999

Keywords

  • Cerebral focal ischemia
  • Fastigial cerebellar nucleus
  • Neuroprotection
  • Periinfarct depolarization
  • Preconditioning
  • Spreading depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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