Neuroprotection of pramipexole in UPS impairment induced animal model of Parkinson's disease

Chao Li, Yuan Guo, Wenjie Xie, Xingang Li, Joseph Janokovic, Weidong Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pramipexole (PPX), a dopamine (DA) receptor D3 preferring agonist, has been used as monotherapy or adjunct therapy to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) for many years. Several in vitro and in vivo studies in neurotoxin-induced DA neuron injury models have reported that PPX may possess neuroprotective properties. The present study is to evaluate the neuroprotection of PPX in a sustained DA neuron degeneration model of PD induced by ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) impairment. Adult C57BL/6 mice were treated with PPX (low dose 0.1 mg/kg or high dose 0.5 mg/kg, i.p, twice a day) started 7 days before, and continued after microinjection of proteasome inhibitor lactacystin in the medial forebrain bundle for a total 4 weeks. Animal behavior observation, and pathological and biochemical assays were conducted to determine the neuroprotective effects of PPX. We report here that PPX treatment significantly improves rotarod performance, attenuates DA neuron loss and striatal DA reduction, and alleviates proteasomal inhibition and microglial activation in the substantia nigra of lactacystin-lesioned mice. PPX can increase the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and induce an activation of autophagy. Furthermore, pretreatment with D3 receptor antagonist U99194 can significantly block the PPX-mediated neuroprotection. These results suggest that multiple molecular pathways may be attributed to the neuroprotective effects of PPX in the UPS impairment model of PD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1546-1556
Number of pages11
JournalNeurochemical Research
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Lactacystin
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Pramipexole
  • UPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Biochemistry

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