Neuropathology training worldwide - Evolution and comparisons

Marc R. Del Bigio, Johannes A. Hainfellner, Catriona A. McLean, Suzanne Z. Powell, Beata Sikorska, Hitoshi Takahashi, Joachim Weis, John H. Xuereb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Training of neuropathologists varies worldwide. Systems range from highly organized specialist and subspecialist education with national certification, to regulated training with diploma recognition, to informal apprenticeships in neurological hospitals and no formal recognition. This overview compiles and summarizes the history of regulated training systems, the status of neuropathology within various countries' medical systems and the manner in which neuropathologists are trained. Anecdotal evidence suggests that countries with regulated systems of neuropathology training and an active professional organization are more likely to have an adequate supply of diagnostic specialists and a vibrant research community the different training systems reflect the style of medical services delivery in the respective countries. In general, the existence of formal neuropathology training systems occurs only in countries with relatively high levels of per capita health expenditures, reflecting the development of medical specialization overall. Evolving diagnostic technologies and major international research endeavors, whose goals are to understand structure and function of the human brain, demand that neuropathology training is more than simply diagnostic histopathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-298
Number of pages14
JournalBrain Pathology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • history
  • medical education
  • medical specialization
  • pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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