Neonatal exposure to toluene: Effects on the development of liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 and serum hormone levels in the rat

Tiiu Hansson, Britt Mari Petterson, Peter Eneroth, Jan Åke Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lactating Sprague-Dawley rats and their pups were exposed on postnatal days 1-7, 6 h/day, to 80,500 and 1000 ppm toluene, respectively, by inhalation. Exposure to 80 ppm toluene decreased the liver microsomal AHH activity and the rate of 7α- and 6β-hydroxylation of androstenedione in 8-day-old-pups. On the other hand, neonatal exposure to 500 or 1000 ppm toluene resulted in a significant increase in AHH and 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activities and in the formation of 16-oxygenated metabolites of androstenedione in 8-day-old animals. Exposure to toluene increased the cytochrome P-450 content at all 3 dose levels in male but not in female pups. Twenty-one days after neonatal exposure no such effects were seen in young animals of either sex. In 56-day-old male rats, however, neonatal exposure to 80 ppm toluene resulted in a decreased rat of 6β-hydroxylation of androstenedione and a reduced AHH activity. No such effects were seen in female rats of the same age. Neonatal exposure to toluene affected the body and liver weights in 8-day-old pups of both sexes but had no effect on these parameters in 21-day-old animals of either sex. Exposure to 80 ppm toluene during the neonatal period gave a significantly increased body weight of 56-day-old male but not of female rats of the same age although this treatment increased liver weight in both sexes at this age. Serum testosterone levels were decreased in 21-day-old male rats following neonatal exposure to 80 or 500 ppm toluene and in 56-day-old male rats exposed neonatally to 1000 ppm toluene. In conclusion, exposure to toluene during the first week of life caused significant changes in various liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 dependent enzyme activities in 8-day-old pups, whereas the long-term effects on liver metabolism of the adult animal were small.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-50
Number of pages12
JournalToxicology
Volume37
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1985

Keywords

  • Cytochrome P-450
  • Enzyme development
  • Induction
  • Neonatal rat
  • Toluene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Neonatal exposure to toluene: Effects on the development of liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 and serum hormone levels in the rat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this