Background: Quantitation of tricuspid regurgitant (TR) severity can be challenging with conventional echocardiographic imaging and may be better evaluated using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Objectives: In patients with functional TR, this study sought to examine the relationship between TR volume (TRVol) and TR fraction (TRF) with all-cause mortality. Methods: We examined 547 patients with functional TR using CMR to quantify TRVol and TRF. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Thresholds for mild, moderate, and severe TR were derived based on natural history outcome data. Results: During a median follow-up of 2.6 years (interquartile range: 1.7 to 3.3 years), there were 93 deaths, with an estimated 5-year survival of 79% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 73% to 83%). After adjustment of clinical and imaging variables, including RV function, both TRF (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] per 10% increment: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.10 to 1.45; p = 0.001) and TRVol (AHR per 10-ml increment: 1.15; 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.26; p = 0.004) were associated with mortality. Patients in the highest-risk strata of TRVol ≥45 ml or TRF ≥50% had the worst prognosis (AHR: 2.26; 95% CI: 1.36 to 3.76; p = 0.002 for TRVol and AHR: 2.60; 95% CI: 1.45 to 4.66; p = 0.001 for TRF). Conclusions: This is the first study to use CMR to assess independent prognostic implications of functional TR. Both TRF and TRVol were associated with increased mortality after adjustment for clinical and imaging covariates, including right ventricular ejection fraction. A TRVol of ≥45 ml or TRF of ≥50% identified patients in the highest-risk strata for mortality. These CMR thresholds should be used for patient selection in future trials to determine if tricuspid valve intervention improves outcomes in this high-risk group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1291-1301
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Sep 15 2020


  • cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • natural history
  • prognosis
  • tricuspid regurgitation
  • tricuspid valve
  • Prospective Studies
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine/trends
  • Mortality/trends
  • Female
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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