National study of chronic disease self-management: Six-month outcome findings

Marcia G. Ory, Sangnam Ahn, Luohua Jiang, Kate Lorig, Phillip Ritter, Diana D. Laurent, Nancy Whitelaw, Matthew Lee Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate how the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) changes health outcomes, lifestyle behaviors, and health care service utilization over a 6 month period. Method: The participants were 1,170 adults enrolled in the National Study of CDSMP in 2010-2012 (M age = 65.4 years). Six-month assessments were available for 903 participants. Linear mixed models and generalized linear mixed models were used to assess the changes between baseline and 6-month assessment for primary and secondary outcomes among CDSMP participants. Results: Social/role activities limitations, depression, and communication with physicians improved significantly from baseline to 6-month follow-up. Study participants reported significant improvements in more physical activity and less emergency room (ER) visits and hospitalization during that period. Discussion: Nationally, CDSMP not only improves health outcomes and lifestyle behaviors but also decreases costly ER visits and hospitalization. Geriatricians and other primary care providers should be encouraged to refer patients with chronic conditions to such self-management programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1258-1274
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Chronic Disease Self-Management Program
  • depression
  • health care utilization
  • role function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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