National Practice Patterns of Infection Prophylaxis for Sacral Neuromodulation Device: A Survey of High Volume Providers

Eugene W. Lee, Alvaro Lucioni, Una J. Lee, Kathleen C. Kobashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: Sacral neuromodulation using the InterStim® device is a safe, effective treatment for urgency, frequency, urgency incontinence, nonobstructive urinary retention and fecal incontinence. However, there is no standard recommendation regarding infection prophylaxis. Therefore, we surveyed the infection prophylaxis patterns of high volume device providers to describe current practice patterns of perioperative infection prophylaxis. Methods: A web based survey was sent to 35 high volume providers, including urologists, gynecologists and colorectal surgeons. Results: Our response rate was 89% (31 of 35 participants). Of the providers 51% were urologists, 39% weregynecologists and 10% were colorectal surgeons. Of the respondents 74% had performed more than 200procedures and 22% had done more than 500. The testing period was generally 1 to 2 weeks. Only 13% of the surveyed providers routinely screened for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. All providers administered antibiotics preoperatively, most commonly cefazolin or vancomycin, and 81% administered antibiotics postoperatively, most commonly cephalexin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Most providers prescribed 5 to 7 days of treatment but 6 (19%) prescribed no postoperative antibiotics. In addition, 71% of respondents used adjunctive measures, frequently intraoperative wound irrigation and/or a preoperative chlorhexidine shower. After stages 1 and 2, 19% of providers prohibited showering for more than 3 days postoperatively while 61% permitted showering after 1 or 2 days and 19% recommended no bathing restriction. Conclusions: We present the infection prevention practices of high volume InterStim sacral neuromodulation device implanters in the United States. Further study is warranted to guide evidence-based practice in InterStim infection prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalUrology Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015


  • Antibiotic prophylaxis
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Implantable neurostimulator
  • Prosthesis-related infections
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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