We demonstrate a convenient and cost-effective chemical approach for fabricating highly ordered Au nanoparticle arrays with sub-10-nm interparticle gaps. Near-field enhancements inside the interparticle gaps create uniform periodic arrays of well-defined "hot spots" exploitable for large surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) enhancements. A cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) bilayer surrounding each individual nanoparticle upon array crystallization is responsible for this periodic gap structure; displacement of the CTAB by smaller thiolated molecules does not affect the structural integrity of the arrays. As SERS substrates, the as-fabricated Au nanoparticle arrays exhibit high SERS sensitivity, long-term stability, and consistent reproducibility.
- Journal Article