Nanoporous glass integrated in volumetric bar-chart chip for point-of-care diagnostics of non-small cell lung cancer

Ying Li, Jie Xuan, Yujun Song, Wenjin Qi, Bangshun He, Ping Wang, Lidong Qin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Point-of-care (POC) testing has the potential to enable rapid, low-cost, and large-scale screening. POC detection of a multiplexed biomarker panel can facilitate the early diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and, thus, may allow for more timely surgical intervention for life-saving treatment. Herein, we report the nanoporous glass (NPG) integrated volumetric bar-chart chip (V-Chip) for POC detection of the three NSCLC biomarkers CEA, CYFRA 21-1, and SCCA, by the naked eye. The 3D nanostructures in the NPG membrane efficiently increase the number of binding sites for antibodies and decrease the diffusion distance between antibody and antigen, enabling the low detection limit and rapid analysis time of the NPG-VChip. We utilized the NPG-V-Chip to test the NSCLC biomarker panel and found that the limit of detection can reach 50 pg/mL (10-fold improvement over the original V-Chip), and the total assay time can be decreased from 4 to 0.5 h. We then detected CEA in 21 serum samples from patients with common cancers, and the on-chip results showed good correlation with the clinical results. We further assayed 10 lung cancer samples using the device and confirmed the results obtained using conventional ELISA methods. In summary, the NPG-V-Chip platform has the ability of multiplex, low detection limit, low cost, lack of need for accessory equipment, and rapid analysis time, which may render the V-Chip a useful platform for quantitative POC detection in resource-limited settings and personalized diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1640-1647
Number of pages8
JournalACS Nano
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 26 2016

Keywords

  • Biomarker detection
  • Microfluidics
  • Nanoporous glass
  • NSCLC
  • Point-of-care testing
  • V-chip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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