Nanoparticle-based combination of LMWH and doxorubicin for the efficient treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumor thrombus

Xiu Ping Zhang, Bozhao Li, Zefang Lu, Ming Gen Hu, Guo Dong Zhao, Shuai Xu, Zhouliang Wu, Tianjiao Chu, Feilong Qi, Suying Wu, Guangjun Nie, Suping Li, Rong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is an important indicator of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with poor prognosis; however, there currently is no effective treatment paradigm for PVTT to improve the therapeutic efficacy of advanced HCC. Here we demonstrate that PVTT largely comprises a mixed composition of thrombosis and tumor cells, and in this case develop an acid-responsive polymeric nanocarrier that codelivered anticoagulant and chemotherapeutic drug into PVTT to achieve effective inhibition of HCC tumors. The anticoagulant, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), was loaded to degrade thrombus layer to expose tumor cells of HCC tissues to chemotherapeutic doxorubicin (Dox). The killing effect of tumor cells by Dox was expected to decrease fibronectin deposition leading to PVTT degradation, and thus relieving portal hypertension. This PVTT-targeted nanocarrier enabled a PVTT-localized, continuous accumulation of the two drugs at a constant ratio. In both subcutaneous and orthotopic mouse models of PVTT, the nanoparticle-based strategy achieved potent anti-tumor efficacy without harsh side effects. This work uncovers the central need for PVTT modulation in advanced HCC treatment and represents a promising strategy for treating tumors accompanied by hypercoagulability and vascular invasion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101787
JournalNano Today
Volume49
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Anticoagulant therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
  • Nanocarriers
  • Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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