Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in nuclear energy chemistry

W. Q. Shi, L. Y. Yuan, Z. J. Li, J. H. Lan, Y. L. Zhao, Z. F. Chai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the rapid growth of human demands for nuclear energy and in response to the challenges of nuclear energy development, the world's major nuclear countries have started research and development work on advanced nuclear energy systems in which new materials and new technologies are considered to play important roles. Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies, which have gained extensive attention in recent years, have shown a wide range of application potentials in future nuclear energy system. In this review, the basic research progress in nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for advanced nuclear fuel fabrication, spent nuclear fuel reprocessing, nuclear waste disposal and nuclear environmental remediation is selectively highlighted, with the emphasis on Chinese research achievements. In addition, the challenges and opportunities of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in future advanced nuclear energy system are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)727-736
Number of pages10
JournalRadiochimica Acta
Volume100
Issue number8-9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Actinides
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies
  • Nuclear energy chemistry
  • Porous materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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