Nanomaterial genotoxicity evaluation using the high-throughput p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) assay

Maelle Fontaine, Eline Bartolami, Marion Prono, David Béal, Magda Blosi, Anna L. Costa, Costanza Ravagli, Giovanni Baldi, Simone Sprio, Anna Tampieri, Ivana Fenoglio, Lang Tran, Bengt Fadeel, Marie Carriere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Toxicity evaluation of engineered nanomaterials is challenging due to the ever increasing number of materials and because nanomaterials (NMs) frequently interfere with commonly used assays. Hence, there is a need for robust, high-throughput assays with which to assess their hazard potential. The present study aimed at evaluating the applicability of a genotoxicity assay based on the immunostaining and foci counting of the DNA repair protein 53BP1 (p53-binding protein 1), in a high-throughput format, for NM genotoxicity assessment. For benchmarking purposes, we first applied the assay to a set of eight known genotoxic agents, as well as X-ray irradiation (1 Gy). Then, a panel of NMs and nanobiomaterials (NBMs) was evaluated with respect to their impact on cell viability and genotoxicity, and to their potential to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. The genotoxicity recorded using the 53BP1 assay was confirmed using the micronucleus assay, also scored via automated (high-throughput) microscopy. The 53BP1 assay successfully identified genotoxic compounds on the HCT116 human intestinal cell line. None of the tested NMs showed any genotoxicity using the 53BP1 assay, except the positive control consisting in (CoO)(NiO) NMs, while only TiO2 NMs showed positive outcome in the micronucleus assay. Only Fe3O4 NMs caused significant elevation of ROS, not correlated to DNA damage. Therefore, owing to its adequate predictivity of the genotoxicity of most of the tested benchmark substance and its ease of implementation in a high throughput format, the 53BP1 assay could be proposed as a complementary high-throughput screening genotoxicity assay, in the context of the development of New Approach Methodologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0288737
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume18
Issue number9 SEPTEMBER
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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