Single cell RNA sequencing has emerged as a powerful tool for resolving transcriptional diversity in tumors, but is limited by throughput, cost and the ability to process archival frozen tissue samples. Here we develop a high-throughput 3′ single-nucleus RNA sequencing approach that combines nanogrid technology, automated imaging, and cell selection to sequence up to ~1800 single nuclei in parallel. We compare the transcriptomes of 485 single nuclei to 424 single cells in a breast cancer cell line, which shows a high concordance (93.34%) in gene levels and abundance. We also analyze 416 nuclei from a frozen breast tumor sample and 380 nuclei from normal breast tissue. These data reveal heterogeneity in cancer cell phenotypes, including angiogenesis, proliferation, and stemness, and a minor subpopulation (19%) with many overexpressed cancer genes. Our studies demonstrate the utility of nanogrid single-nucleus RNA sequencing for studying the transcriptional programs of tumor nuclei in frozen archival tissue samples.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)