Intracisternal injection of 19 pmoles of bombesin in light-ether-anesthetized rats, five minutes after intracisternal vehicle, produced a 75% and 63% inhibition in gastric acid output and concentration, respectively, in 2-hour pylorus-ligated rats. Pretreatment of rats with the characterized peripheral bombesin antagonist N-acetyl-GRP(20-26)-O-CH3 (1 nmole) reversed the inhibitory effect of bombesin on gastric acid output and concentration. In contrast, the related bombesin antagonist N-acetyl-GRP-O-CH2-CH3 (1 nmole) was ineffective in this system. In urethane-anesthetized, acute gastric fistula rats infused with pentagastrin, intracisternal N-acetyl-GRP(20-26)-O-CH3 protected against the inhibition in gastric acid output produced by intracisternal bombesin (19 pmoles). Thus the recently characterized peripheral bombesin antagonist N-acetyl-GRP(20-26)-O-CH3 also appears to be effective in antagonizing central bombesin-induced inhibition in gastric acid secretion in two models. This represents a first report of a synthetic bombesin antagonist effective in reversing central bombesin-induced effects on gastric function.
- Bombesin antagonist
- Gastric acid secretion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience