Myocardial Contractile Mechanics in Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: Multicenter Data Using Stress Perfusion Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Jonathan D. Kochav, Jiwon Kim, Robert Judd, Katherine A. Tak, Emmad Janjua, Abigail J. Maciejewski, Han W. Kim, Igor Klem, John Heitner, Dipan Shah, William A. Zoghbi, Chetan Shenoy, Afshin Farzaneh-Far, Venkateshwar Polsani, Pablo Villar-Calle, Michele Parker, Kevin M. Judd, Omar K. Khalique, Martin B. Leon, Richard B. DevereuxRobert A. Levine, Raymond J. Kim, Jonathan W. Weinsaft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Left ventricular (LV) ischemia has been variably associated with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). Determinants of FMR in patients with ischemia are poorly understood. Objectives: This study sought to test whether contractile mechanics in ischemic myocardium underlying the mitral valve have an impact on likelihood of FMR. Methods: Vasodilator stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance was performed in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) at multiple centers. FMR severity was confirmed quantitatively via core lab analysis. To test relationship of contractile mechanics with ischemic FMR, regional wall motion and strain were assessed in patients with inducible ischemia and minimal (≤5% LV myocardium, nontransmural) infarction. Results: A total of 2,647 patients with CAD were studied; 34% had FMR (7% moderate or greater). FMR severity increased with presence (P < 0.001) and extent (P = 0.01) of subpapillary ischemia: patients with moderate or greater FMR had more subpapillary ischemia (odds ratio [OR]: 1.13 per 10% LV; 95% CI: 1.05-1.21; P = 0.001) independent of ischemia in remote regions (P = NS); moderate or greater FMR prevalence increased stepwise with extent of ischemia and infarction in subpapillary myocardium (P < 0.001); stronger associations between FMR and infarction paralleled greater wall motion scores in infarct-affected territories. Among patients with inducible ischemia and minimal infarction (n = 532), wall motion and radial strain analysis showed impaired subpapillary contractile mechanics to associate with moderate or greater FMR (P < 0.05) independent of remote regions (P = NS). Conversely, subpapillary ischemia without contractile dysfunction did not augment FMR likelihood. Mitral and interpapillary dimensions increased with subpapillary radial strain impairment; each remodeling parameter associated with impaired subpapillary strain (P < 0.05) independent of remote strain (P = NS). Subpapillary radial strain (OR: 1.13 per 5% [95% CI: 1.02-1.25]; P = 0.02) and mitral tenting area (OR: 1.05 per 10 mm2 [95% CI: 1.00-1.10]; P = 0.04) were associated with moderate or greater FMR controlling for global remodeling represented by LV end-systolic volume (P = NS): when substituting sphericity for LV volume, moderate or greater FMR remained independently associated with subpapillary radial strain impairment (OR: 1.22 per 5% [95% CI: 1.02-1.47]; P = 0.03). Conclusions: Among patients with CAD and ischemia, FMR severity and adverse mitral apparatus remodeling increase in proportion to contractile dysfunction underlying the mitral valve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1212-1226
Number of pages15
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • ischemia
  • mitral regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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