Myeloid sarcoma involving the gynecologic tract: A report of 11 cases and review of the literature

Mar Garcia Garcia, Michael T. Deavers, Ronald J. Knoblock, Weina Chen, Apostolia M. Tsimberidou, John T. Manning, L. Jeffrey Medeiros

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Myeloid sarcoma can involve any anatomic site, but involvement of the gynecologic tract is uncommon. We describe 11 women, 17 to 60 years old, with myeloid sarcoma involving the gynecologic tract, including 5 patients in whom myeloid sarcoma presented as an isolated mass. The uterus was the most frequently involved anatomic site, in 8 patients (5 corpus, 3 cervix). Each neoplasm diffusely infiltrated normal structures, and, cytologically 7 tumors were immature, 3 were differentiated, and 1 was blastic. In 9 cases assessed, immunohistochemical stains showed that all neoplasms were positive for myeloperoxidase and lysozyme; CD117 was positive in 7 of 8 cases, and cytochemical staining for naphthol AS-D chloroacetate was positive in all 6 neoplasms analyzed. Following chemotherapy, complete remission and long-term survival were achieved in a subset of patients, as was particularly true for 2 patients (cases 8 and 10), with complete remission 12.5 and 31 years after diagnosis, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-790
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Pathology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2006


  • Gynecologic tract
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Myeloid sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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