Multiscale classification using complex wavelets and hidden Markov tree models

J. Romberg, H. Choi, R. Baraniuk, N. Kingsbury

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiresolution signal and image models such as the hidden Markov tree (HMT) aim to capture the statistical structures of smooth and singular (textured and edgy) regions. Unfortunately, models based on the orthogonal wavelet transform suffer from shift-variance, making them less accurate and realistic. In this paper, we extend the HMT modeling framework to the complex wavelet transform, which features near shift-invariance and improved angular resolution compared to the standard wavelet transform. The model is computationally efficient (featuring linear-time computation and processing algorithms) and applicable to general Bayesian inference problems as a prior density for the data. We develop a simple multiscale maximum likelihood classification scheme based on the complex wavelet HMT that out-performs methods based on real-valued wavelet HMTs. The resulting classifier can be used as a front end in a more sophisticated multiscale segmentation algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Conference on Image Processing
Pages371-374
Number of pages4
Volume2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
EventInternational Conference on Image Processing (ICIP 2000) - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Sep 10 2000Sep 13 2000

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Image Processing (ICIP 2000)
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period9/10/009/13/00

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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