Multimodal imaging of West Nile virus chorioretinitis

Daniel Learned, Eric Nudleman, Joshua Robinson, Emmanuel Chang, Lori Stec, Lisa J. Faia, Jeremy Wolfe, George A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Purpose: To report the results of multimodal imaging of West Nile virus chorioretinitis. Methods: Three patients with West Nile virus chorioretinitis were evaluated by color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, enhanced depth optical coherence tomography, indocyanine green angiography, and fundus autofluorescence. Results: Imaging results demonstrate outer retinal and retinal pigment epithelial involvement with inner retinal sparing. Conclusion: Multiple fundus imaging modalities used during the diagnosis of West Nile chorioretinitis are consistent with outer retinal and pigment epithelial changes, suggesting outer retina and retinal pigment epithelium as the primary sites of ocular involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2269-2274
Number of pages6
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014


  • Angiography
  • Chorioretinitis
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • Fundus autofluorescence
  • Indocyanine green angiography
  • Spectral domain OCT with enhanced depth imaging
  • Uveitis
  • West Nile virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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