Purpose: To investigate the relationship between surgical approach for intraocular tumor biopsy of uveal melanoma and tumor morphologic features such as size and intraocular location and the effect of these variables on diagnostic yield and biopsy outcome. Methods: Consecutive patients from nine Ocular Oncology centers with uveal melanoma (UM) undergoing tumor biopsy immediately preceding I125 plaque brachytherapy with tissue sent for gene expression profiling (GEP) testing were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Three hundred sixty patients were included (50% men, mean age 60.2 years). Overall biopsy yield was 99% and 83% for GEP and cytopathology, respectively. Surgeon choice of biopsy approach (trans-vitreal vs. trans-scleral) was found to associate with both tumor location and tumor thickness. A trans-scleral rather than trans-vitreal approach was used more commonly for anteriorly located tumors (92% vs. 38% of posterior tumors, p < 0.001) and thicker tumors (86% vs. 55% of thin tumors, p < 0.001). When performing trans-vitreal biopsies, ocular oncologists with previous vitreoretinal surgery fellowship training were more likely to use wide-field surgical viewing systems, compared with indirect ophthalmoscopy (82.6% vs. 20.6%, p < 0.001). Surgical complications were rare and occurred more frequently with trans-vitreal biopsies (3.6% vs. 0.46%, p = 0.046). Conclusions: In this multi-center analysis of UM tumor biopsy, surgical yield was high for obtaining tumor tissue for GEP and cytopathology analysis with both trans-scleral and trans-vitreal techniques. Fellowship-trained ocular oncologists’ preferred intraocular biopsy techniques associated strongly with tumor location, tumor thickness, and fellowship training of the surgeon. Short-term complication rates were low.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience