We studied the effects of a zinc-inducible metallothionein-ras fusion gene (MTrasT24) in cultured rat liver epithelial (RLE) cells on expression of two genes induced during liver carcinogenesis in vivo: gamma-glutamyltransferase [(5-glutamyl)-peptide:amino acid 5-glutamyltransferase, EC 18.104.22.168] and glutathione S-transferase-P (RX:glutathione R-transferase, EC 22.214.171.124). Expression of MTrasT24 increased steady-state RNA levels of gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P 6- to 100-fold and 1.6- to 6-fold, respectively; in contrast, levels of alpha-tubulin RNA fell slightly or were unchanged. RNA gel blots verified that gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P RNAs were of the appropriate size, and results from immunocytochemistry on transfected cells demonstrated that RLE cells carrying MTrasT24 synthesized immunoreactive, appropriately localized gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P. Zinc induction studies indicated that gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P RNA levels were directly dependent on MTrasT24 RNA levels. These data suggest that expression of gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P expression are part of a reorientation of cellular gene expression during carcinogenesis and that activated ras expression, like chemical carcinogens, can bring about this change.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 1988|
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