MTOR suppresses autophagy-mediated production of IL25 in allergic airway inflammation

Wen Li, Yinfang Wu, Yun Zhao, Zhouyang Li, Haixia Chen, Lingling Dong, Huiwen Liu, Min Zhang, Yanping Wu, Jiesen Zhou, Juan Xiong, Yue Hu, Wen Hua, Bin Zhang, Minzhi Qiu, Qing Ling Zhang, Chunhua Wei, Mingchun Wen, Jing Han, Xiaobo ZhouWeiliang Qiu, Fugui Yan, Huaqiong Huang, Songmin Ying, Augustine M.K. Choi, Huahao Shen, Zhihua Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction Airway epithelial cells are recognised as an essential controller for the initiation and perpetuation of asthmatic inflammation, yet the detailed mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study aims to investigate the roles and mechanisms of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (MTOR)-autophagy axis in airway epithelial injury in asthma. Methods We examined the MTOR-autophagy signalling in airway epithelium from asthmatic patients or allergic mice induced by ovalbumin or house dust mites, or in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells. Furthermore, mice with specific MTOR knockdown in airway epithelium and autophagy-related lc3b -/- mice were used for allergic models. Results MTOR activity was decreased, while autophagy was elevated, in airway epithelium from asthmatic patients or allergic mice, or in HBE cells treated with IL33 or IL13. These changes were associated with upstream tuberous sclerosis protein 2 signalling. Specific MTOR knockdown in mouse bronchial epithelium augmented, while LC3B deletion diminished allergen-induced airway inflammation and mucus hyperproduction. The worsened inflammation caused by MTOR deficiency was also ameliorated in lc3b -/- mice. Mechanistically, autophagy was induced later than the emergence of allergen-initiated inflammation, particularly IL33 expression. MTOR deficiency increased, while knocking out of LC3B abolished the production of IL25 and the eventual airway inflammation on allergen challenge. Blocking IL25 markedly attenuated the exacerbated airway inflammation in MTOR-deficiency mice. Conclusion Collectively, these results demonstrate that allergen-initiated inflammation suppresses MTOR and induces autophagy in airway epithelial cells, which results in the production of certain proallergic cytokines such as IL25, further promoting the type 2 response and eventually perpetuating airway inflammation in asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1047-1057
Number of pages11
JournalThorax
Volume75
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • airway epithelium
  • allergic lung disease
  • asthma
  • asthma mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'MTOR suppresses autophagy-mediated production of IL25 in allergic airway inflammation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this