Myocardin-related transcription factor B (MRTFB) is a candidate tumor-suppressor gene identified in transposon mutagenesis screens of the intestine, liver, and pancreas. Using a combination of cell-based assays, in vivo tumor xenograft assays, and Mrtfb knockout mice, we demonstrate here that MRTFB is a human and mouse colorectal cancer (CRC) tumor suppressor that functions in part by inhibiting cell invasion and migration. To identify possible MRTFB transcriptional targets, we performed whole transcriptome RNA sequencing in MRTFB siRNA knockdown primary human colon cells and identified 15 differentially expressed genes. Among the top candidate tumor-suppressor targets were melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM), a known tumor suppressor, and spindle apparatus coiled-coil protein 1 (SPDL1), which has no confirmed role in cancer. To determine whether these genes play a role in CRC, we knocked down the expression of MCAM and SPDL1 in human CRC cells and showed significantly increased invasion and migration of tumor cells. We also showed that Spdl1 expression is significantly down-regulated in Mrtfb knockout mouse intestine, while lower SPDL1 expression levels are significantly associated with reduced survival in CRC patients. Finally, we show that depletion of MCAM and SPDL1 in human CRC cells significantly increases tumor development in xenograft assays, further confirming their tumor-suppressive roles in CRC. Collectively, our findings demonstrate the tumor-suppressive role of MRTFB in CRC and identify several genes, including 2 tumor suppressors, that act downstream of MRTFB to regulate tumor growth and survival in CRC patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||E-pub ahead of print - Nov 5 2019|