MRN complex function in the repair of chromosomal Rag-mediated DNA double-strand breaks

Beth A. Helmink, Andrea L. Bredemeyer, Baeck Seung Lee, Ching Yu Huang, Girdhar G. Sharma, Laura M. Walker, Jeffrey J. Bednarski, Wan Ling Lee, Tej K. Pandita, Craig H. Bassing, Barry P. Sleckman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1(MRN) complex functions in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks(DSBs) by homologous recombination(HR) at postreplicative stages of the cell cycle. During HR, the MRN complex functions directly in the repair of DNA DSBs and in the initiation of DSB responses through activation of the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated(ATM) serine-threonine kinase. Whether MRN functions in DNA damage responses before DNA replication in G0/G1 phase cells has been less clear. In developing G1-phase lymphocytes, DNA DSBs are generated by the Rag endonuclease and repaired during the assembly of antigen receptor genes by the process of V(D)J recombination. Mice and humans deficient in MRN function exhibit lymphoid phenotypes that are suggestive of defects in V(D)J recombination. We show that during V(D)J recombination, MRN deficiency leads to the aberrant joining of Rag DSBs and to the accumulation of unrepaired coding ends, thus establishing a functional role for MRN in the repair of Rag-mediated DNA DSBs. Moreover, these defects in V(D)J recombination are remarkably similar to those observed in ATM- deficient lymphocytes, suggesting that ATM and MRN function in the same DNA DSB response pathways during lymphocyte antigen receptor gene assembly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-679
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume206
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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