MRI-based prediction of pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound effect on tissue transport in rabbit muscle

Brian E. O'Neill, Howard Q. Vo, Hongwei Shao, Christof Karmonik, Xiaobo Zhou, King C. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose To design an algorithm for optimizing pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (p-HIFU) treatment parameters to maximize tissue transport while minimizing thermal necrosis based on MR image guidance. Materials and Methods P-HIFU power, duty cycle, and treatment duration were varied to generate different levels of thermal and mechanical deposition in rabbit muscle. Changes in T2-weighted and T1 contrast-enhanced (CE) signal were assessed immediately following treatment and at 24 h. Transport parameters were extracted by means of T1-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) technique at 0 and 24-h time points. Results Successful p-HIFU treatment was indicated by focal hyperintensity on the T2-weighted image immediately post-treatment, suggesting increased fluid (edema), with little intensity change in CE image. After 24 h, the affected region expanded along the muscle fiber accompanied by clear hyperintensity in CE image (contrast uptake). Quantitative DCE-MRI analysis revealed statistically significant increases in both leakage rate and extracellular space, accompanied by a decrease in clearance rate. Conclusion Successful p-HIFU treatment was mainly correlated to tissue heating. Tissue transport properties following treatment success would result in improved contact between drug and targets in both time and space. MRI is the key to controlling treatment by means of thermometry and also monitoring efficacy by means of T2-weighted imaging. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;38:1094-1102. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1094-1102
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • clearance rate
  • drug delivery
  • dynamic contrast enhanced-MRI
  • MRI-guided focused ultrasound
  • pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound
  • tissue permeability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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