MR imaging of hyperacute intracranial hemorrhage in the cat

L. A. Hayman, C. B. McArdle, K. H. Taber, A. Saleem, David S. Baskin, H. S. Lee, J. B. Kirkpatrick, R. C. Herrick, R. N. Bryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Hyperacute intracerebral hematomas were successfully created in five cats by injecting a prepared blood sample in which the oxygen (O2) saturation ranged from 0-80%. T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo sequences and T2-weighted gradient refocused scans were obtained 2.5-10 hr after injection on a 1.5-T imaging system. Detailed histology or electron microscopy was performed on each brain to confirm the presence of intact red blood cells in a retracted clot matrix. Areas of the hematoma were hypointense relative to brain in all five cats on the gradient refocused scans. The hematoma was isointense relative to brain on the T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo scans in all cats except one, which suffered a seizure/respiratory arrest and died during the scanning procedure. Portions of the hematoma in this animal had a hypointense T2-weighted signal and a hyperintense T1-weighted signal, which corresponded to the predicted MR properties of intracellular methemoglobin. We hypothesize that acute (<10 hr old) hematomas that contain virtually 100% intracellular deoxyhemoglobin may not appear hypointense relative to brain on T2-weighted scan sequences at 1.5 T unless surrounding tissue hypoxia and/or anoxia promote additional changes, one of which may be the formation of intracellular methemoglobin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-686
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology


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