Morphological changes after lower eyelid epiblepharon surgery in Asian children

Sang Jae Lee, Shin Hyo Lee, Min Sub Lee, Youn Hye Jo, Hyun Jin Shin, Andrew G. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: This study aimed to determine the morphological changes in Asian lower eyelid epiblepharon patients after surgery. Methods: The medical records of 59 patients who underwent lower eyelid epiblepharon repair were reviewed retrospectively. Eighty-nine patients who underwent strabismus surgery were set as the control group. The photographs for each group were analyzed based on the following factors: inferior half area (IHA) of the eye, eyelash angular direction (EAD), angle between the eyelashes and the cornea, marginal reflex distance 1 (MRD1) and marginal reflex distance 2 (MRD2). Results: After surgery, the medial EAD changed from 92.45° ± 20.21° (mean ± SD) to 79.43° ± 23.31°, while the central and lateral EADs were unchanged. IHA increased from 36.33 ± 9.78 mm3 to 43.06 ± 10.57 mm3, and MRD1 increased from 1.92 ± 0.99 mm to 2.50 ± 0.93 mm, whereas MRD2 did not change. The mean angle between the eyelashes and the cornea increased from 39.64° to 72.19° immediately postoperatively, but had reduced to 58.75° 3 months later, followed by no further significant change at the 6-month and 9-month postoperative follow-ups. Conclusions: There is morphological changes of the eyelid after lower eyelid epiblepharon surgery, with increases in the IHA and MRD1. In addition, contact between the eyelashes and the cornea occurred mainly in the medial portion of the eyelid the position, which everted and stabilized over 3 months. Thus, follow-up observations are required for at least 3 months to properly evaluate the surgical outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number293
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Epiblepharon
  • Inferior half area
  • Marginal reflex distance
  • Morphological change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Morphological changes after lower eyelid epiblepharon surgery in Asian children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this