Background: Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a complex entity resulting in neurogenic or vascular manifestations. A wide array of procedures has evolved, each with its own benefits and drawbacks. The authors hypothesized that treatment of TOS with first rib resection (FRR) may lead to increased complication rates. Methods: A retrospective case control study was performed on the basis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2005 to 2014. All cases involving the operative treatment of TOS were extracted. Primary outcomes included surgical and medical complications. Analyses were primarily stratified by FRR and secondarily by other procedure types. Results: A total of 1853 patients met inclusion criteria. The most common procedures were FRR (64.0%), anterior scalenectomy with cervical rib resection (32.9%), brachial plexus decompression (27.2%), and anterior scalenectomy without cervical rib resection (AS, 8.9%). Factors associated with increased medical complications included American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification of 3 or greater and increased operative time. The presence or absence of FRR did not influence complication rates. Conclusions: FRR is not associated with an increased risk of medical or surgical complications. Medical complications are associated with increased ASA scores and longer operative time.
- cervical rib resection
- first rib resection
- thoracic outlet syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine