Monolithic NPG nanoparticles with large surface area, tunable plasmonics, and high-density internal hot-spots

Fusheng Zhao, Jianbo Zeng, Md Masud Parvez Arnob, Po Sun, Ji Qi, Pratik Motwani, Mufaddal Gheewala, Chien Hung Li, Andrew Paterson, Uli Strych, Balakrishnan Raja, Richard C. Willson, John C. Wolfe, T. Randall Lee, Wei Chuan Shih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


Plasmonic metal nanostructures have shown great potential in sensing, photovoltaics, imaging and biomedicine, principally due to the enhancement of local electric field by light-excited surface plasmons, i.e., collective oscillation of conduction band electrons. Thin films of nanoporous gold have received a great deal of interest due to the unique 3-dimensional bicontinuous nanostructures with high specific surface area. However, in the form of semi-infinite thin films, nanoporous gold exhibits weak plasmonic extinction and little tunability in the plasmon resonance, because the pore size is much smaller than the wavelength of light. Here we show that by making nanoporous gold in the form of disks of sub-wavelength diameter and sub-100 nm thickness, these limitations can be overcome. Nanoporous gold disks not only possess large specific surface area but also high-density, internal plasmonic hot-spots with impressive electric field enhancement, which greatly promotes plasmon-matter interactions as evidenced by spectral shifts in the surface plasmon resonance. In addition, the plasmonic resonance of nanoporous gold disks can be easily tuned from 900 to 1850 nm by changing the disk diameter from 300 to 700 nm. Furthermore, nanoporous gold disks can be fabricated as either bound on a surface or as non-aggregating colloidal suspension with high stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8199-8207
Number of pages9
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 21 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Monolithic NPG nanoparticles with large surface area, tunable plasmonics, and high-density internal hot-spots'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this