Monocytes and Macrophages in Atherosclerosis

Shu Meng, Pu Fang, Xiaofeng Yang, Hong Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This chapter reviews the role of monocytes and macrophages in atherogenesis including cell origin, differentiation, and transcriptional regulation. It also emphasizes monocyte and macrophage heterogeneity, subset characterization, and functional implication in pathological conditions, such as hyperlipidemia and hyperhomocysteinemia. Experimental and clinical studies strongly suggest that monocytes and macrophages are not only present in atherosclerosis but also significantly contribute to its initiation and progression. The interaction of inflammatory monocyte and the endothelium determines vascular inflammation in the early stage of atherosclerosis. Recent global transcriptome analysis revealed profound changes in gene expression during monocyte-to-macrophage terminal differentiation. Although the control of risks factors are still the major prevention of atherosclerosis, clinical treatments are mainly focused on lowering blood lipid levels, maintaining blood pressure, and managing thrombotic complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAtherosclerosis
Subtitle of host publicationRisks, Mechanisms, and Therapies
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781118828533
ISBN (Print)9781118285916
StatePublished - Mar 27 2015


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Global transcriptome analysis
  • Hyperhomocysteinemia
  • Macrophages
  • Monocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Monocytes and Macrophages in Atherosclerosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this