Objective: To report the technique and success of using monitored anesthesia care instead of general anesthesia for ocular enucleation and evisceration surgeries. Design: Retrospective, noncomparative interventional case series. Participants: Twelve enucleated patients (Soparkar and Patrinely) and 146 eviscerated patients (Kulwin and Kersten). Methods: Surgical logs of two oculoplastic practices were reviewed searching for cases of ocular enucleations and eviscerations performed under monitored anesthesia care between 1990 and 2001. Identified hospital and clinic charts were then reviewed. Main Outcome Measures: Monitored anesthesia care was deemed successful if (1) there were hemodynamic stability and complete analgesia intraoperatively; (2) there was absence of any chart documentation regarding patient or family psychological distress over the anesthesia method used; and (3) patients were discharged from the hospital without the need for observation or treatment ≥ 23 hours. Results: Between 1990 and 2001, 146 eviscerations were performed under local anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care by two surgeons (RCK, DRK) as their routine practice pattern. In 1996, Drs. Soparkar and Patrinely began performing enucleations under monitored anesthesia care in selected cases, and from 1996 to 2001, these surgeons enucleated 12 patients under monitored anesthesia care. Four of the enucleated patients requested surgery without general anesthesia. The remaining eight patients had been refused surgery by at least one other specialist because of the patient's perceived high medical risk for complications under general anesthesia. In all 158 patients, the procedures were deemed successful by the preceding criteria. Conclusions: This four-surgeon case series reports the successful use of local anesthesia with monitored care for ocular enucleation and evisceration procedures, offering several potential advantages over the traditional use of general anesthesia.
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