Chemokines play an important role in immune and inflammatory responses by inducing migration and adhesion of leukocytes. We have isolated a novel chemokine cDNA, designated CCF18, from a cDNA library of an IL-3-dependent murine pro-B cell line, Ba/F3. The cDNA encodes a protein structurally related to the C-C chemokine members. Among this family, C10 shows the highest homology to CCF18, and MIP-1α also has a significant homology but to a lesser extent. CCF18 produced from COS cells induced chemotaxis and Ca2+ flux in CD4+ T cell clones. Moreover, prior administration of MIP-1α desensitized the cells to CCF18. The CCF18 gene (Scya10) was mapped to a middle region of murine chromosome 11, where other genes for several C-C chemokine members are localized. These results clearly indicate that CCF18 is a new member of the C-C chemokine family. Since a high level of CCF18 mRNA is constitutively expressed in macrophage and myeloid cell lines, CCF18 may play a role in inflammatory processes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy