Molecular circuit involving KLK4 integrates androgen and mTOR signaling in prostate cancer

Yang Jin, Su Qu, Martina Tesikova, Ling Wang, Alexandr Kristian, Gunhild M. Mælandsmo, Haiying Kong, Tianzhou Zhang, Carmen Jerońimo, Manuel R. Teixeira, Erkan Yuca, Ibrahim Tekedereli, Kivanc Gorgulu, Neslihan Alpay, Anil K. Sood, Gabriel Lopez-Berestein, Håvard E. Danielsen, Bulent Ozpolat, Fahri Saatcioglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The androgen receptor (AR) and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling are two of the major proliferative pathways in a number of tissues and are the main therapeutic targets in various disorders, including prostate cancer (PCa). Previous work has shown that there is reciprocal feedback regulation of PI3K and AR signaling in PCa, suggesting that cotargeting both pathways may enhance therapeutic efficacy. Here we show that proteins encoded by two androgen-regulated genes, kallikrein related peptidase 4 (KLK4) and promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF), integrate optimal functioning of AR and mTOR signaling in PCa cells. KLK4 interacts with PLZF and decreases its stability. PLZF in turn interacts with AR and inhibits its function as a transcription factor. PLZF also activates expression of regulated in development and DNA damage responses 1, an inhibitor of mTORC1. Thus, a unique molecular switch is generated that regulates both AR and PI3K signaling. Consistently, KLK4 knockdown results in a significant decline in PCa cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, decreases anchorage-independent growth, induces apoptosis, and dramatically sensitizes PCa cells to apoptosis-inducing agents. Furthermore, in vivo nanoliposomal KLK4 siRNA delivery in mice bearing PCa tumors results in profound remission. These results demonstrate that the activities of AR and mTOR pathways are maintained by KLK4, which may thus be a viable target for therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E2572-E2581
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume110
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 9 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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