Modulation of the proteoglycan receptor PTPσ promotes recovery after spinal cord injury

Bradley T. Lang, Jared M. Cregg, Marc A. Depaul, Amanda P. Tran, Kui Xu, Scott M. Dyck, Kathryn M. Madalena, Benjamin P. Brown, Yi Lan Weng, Shuxin Li, Soheila Karimi-Abdolrezaee, Sarah A. Busch, Yingjie Shen, Jerry Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

201 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contusive spinal cord injury leads to a variety of disabilities owing to limited neuronal regeneration and functional plasticity. It is well established that an upregulation of glial-derived chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans (CSPGs) within the glial scar and perineuronal net creates a barrier to axonal regrowth and sprouting. Protein tyrosine phosphatase σ(PTPσ), along with its sister phosphatase leukocyte common antigen-related (LAR) and the nogo receptors 1 and 3 (NgR), have recently been identified as receptors for the inhibitory glycosylated side chains of CSPGs. Here we find in rats that PTPσ has a critical role in converting growth cones into a dystrophic state by tightly stabilizing them within CSPG-rich substrates. We generated a membrane-permeable peptide mimetic of the PTPσ wedge domain that binds to PTPσ and relieves CSPG-mediated inhibition. Systemic delivery of this peptide over weeks restored substantial serotonergic innervation to the spinal cord below the level of injury and facilitated functional recovery of both locomotor and urinary systems. Our results add a new layer of understanding to the critical role of PTPσ in mediating the growth-inhibited state of neurons due to CSPGs within the injured adult spinal cord.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-408
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume518
Issue number7539
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modulation of the proteoglycan receptor PTPσ promotes recovery after spinal cord injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Lang, B. T., Cregg, J. M., Depaul, M. A., Tran, A. P., Xu, K., Dyck, S. M., Madalena, K. M., Brown, B. P., Weng, Y. L., Li, S., Karimi-Abdolrezaee, S., Busch, S. A., Shen, Y., & Silver, J. (2015). Modulation of the proteoglycan receptor PTPσ promotes recovery after spinal cord injury. Nature, 518(7539), 404-408. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13974