Modulation of radiation-induced genetic damage by HCMV in peripheral blood lymphocytes from a brain tumor case-control study

Elizabeth A. Rourke, Mirtha S. Lopez, Claudia M. Monroy, Michael E. Scheurer, Carol J. Etzel, Thomas Albrecht, Melissa L. Bondy, Randa El-Zein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection occurs early in life and viral persistence remains through life. An association between HCMV infection and malignant gliomas has been reported, suggesting that HCMV may play a role in glioma pathogenesis and could facilitate an accrual of genotoxic damage in the presence of γ-radiation; an established risk factor for gliomas. We tested the hypothesis that HCMV infection modifies the sensitivity of cells to γ-radiation-induced genetic damage. We used peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) from 110 glioma patients and 100 controls to measure the level of chromosome damage and cell death. We evaluated baseline, HCMV-, γ-radiation and HCMV + γ-radiation induced genetic instability with the comprehensive Cytokinesis-Blocked Micronucleus Cytome (CBMN-CYT). HCMV, similar to radiation, induced a significant increase in aberration frequency among cases and controls. PBLs infected with HCMV prior to challenge with γ-radiation led to a significant increase in aberrations as compared to baseline, γ-radiation and HCMV alone. With regards to apoptosis, glioma cases showed a lower percentage of induction following in vitro exposure to γ-radiation and HCMV infection as compared to controls. This strongly suggests that, HCMV infection enhances the sensitivity of PBLs to γ-radiation-induced genetic damage possibly through an increase in chromosome damage and decrease in apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-435
Number of pages16
JournalCancers
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Brain tumors
  • CBMN-CYT assay
  • Chromosome aberrations
  • HCMV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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