Modulation of gene expression and endocrine response pathways by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and related compounds

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

310 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor binds several different structural classes of chemicals, including halogenated aromatics, typified by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), polynuclear aromatic and heteropolynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. TCDD induces expression of several genes including CYP1A1, and molecular biology studies show that the Ah receptor acts as a nuclear ligand-induced transcription factor that interacts with xenobiotic or dioxin responsive elements located in 5′-flanking regions of responsive genes. TCDD also elicits diverse toxic effects, modulates endocrine pathways and inhibits a broad spectrum of estrogen (17β-estradiol)-induced responses in rodents and human breast cancer cell lines. Molecular biology studies show that TCDD inhibited 17β-estradiol-induced cathepsin D gene expression by targeted interaction of the nuclear Ah receptor with imperfect dioxin responsive elements strategically located within the estrogen receptor - Spl enhancer sequence of this gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-281
Number of pages35
JournalPharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ah receptor
  • antiestrogenicity
  • gene expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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