Background. The need for liver retransplantation (reLT) has increased proportionally with greater numbers of liver transplants (LTs) performed, use of marginal donors, degree of recipient preoperative liver dysfunction, and longer survival after LT. However, outcomes following reLT have been historically regarded as poor. Methods. To evaluate reLT in modern recipients, we retrospectively examined our single-center experience. Analysis included 1268 patients undergoing single LT and 68 patients undergoing reLT from January 2008 to December 2021. Results. Pre-LT mechanical ventilation, body mass index at LT, donor-recipient ABO incompatibility, early acute rejection, and length of hospitalization were associated with increased risk of needing reLT following index transplant. Overall and graft survival outcomes in the reLT cohort were equivalent to those after single LT. Mortality after reLT was associated with Kidney Donor Profile Index, national organ sharing at reLT, and LT donor death by anoxia and blood urea nitrogen levels. Survival after reLT was independent of the interval between initial LT and reLT, intraoperative packed red blood cell use, cold ischemia time, and preoperative mechanical ventilation, all previously linked to worse outcomes. Conclusions. These data suggest that reLT is currently a safer option for patients with liver graft failure, with comparable outcomes to primary LT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1513-1523
Number of pages11
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023


  • Humans
  • Reoperation/adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Liver Transplantation/adverse effects
  • Liver Diseases
  • Graft Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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