Modeling Adenovirus Type 1-Induced Otitis Media in the Chinchilla: Effect on Ciliary Activity and Fluid Transport Function of Eustachian Tube Mucosal Epithelium

Lauren O. Bakaletz, Robert L. Daniels, David J. Lim, Robert L. Daniels, David J. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that viral upper respiratory tract (URT) infection predisposes to the development of bacterial otitis media (OM). The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon have been well defined for influenza A virus in the chinchilla model ofexperimentalOM but have not been for adenovirus because of the heretofore lack of an appropriate model. In this study, chinchillas were inoculated intranasally or transbullarly with type 1 adenovirus to assess whether or not the chinchilla could serve as a suitable model for future investigation of adenovirus predisposition to bacterial OM. Data indicated that the chinchilla readily supported an active infection by and responded serologically to this agent and that route of inoculation markedly influenced otoscopic findings, elicitation of middle ear fluids, onset and location of histopathology, and progression of disease. The time course of disease onset and recovery and an assessment of the effect of this virus isolate on the mucosal epithelial integrity and on both the ciliary activity and transport function of the eustachian tube epithelium for both routes ofinoculation are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-872
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume168
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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